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What is Heart Disease?

There are many types of heart disease and they can affect the heart in many ways. Heart diseases are those diseases that affect the function of the heart or blood vessels. There are a wide variety of heart conditions, including diseases of the arteries of the heart (coronary artery disease), the heart muscle (congestive heart failure and cardiomyopathies), the heart valves (valvular heart disease), or the electrical function of the heart (arrhythmias).


Coronary Artery Disease occurs when plaque (blood fat, cholesterol and other substances) builds up in the coronary arteries and reduces the blood flow to your heart. This buildup is a process called atherosclerosis. Learn more about coronary artery disease.

Heart Attacks occur when blood flow to a section of the heart muscle is blocked and that section of the heart muscle becomes damaged from lack of oxygen and begins to die. Learn more about heart attacks.

Mitral Valve Prolapse and Other Valvular Heart Diseases Valves are paper-thin structures that act as doorways between the chambers of the heart. When a heart valve does not close properly or leaks after it closes, it causes a strain on the heart, since it is working harder to pump the same amount of blood. Learn more about mitral valve prolapse and other valvular heart diseases.

Congenital Heart Disease is a malformation in the heart structure or blood vessels that is present at birth. Learn more about congenital heart disease.

Atrial Fibrillation and Other Arrhythmias are problems with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat. Atrial fibrillation is the most common type of arrhythmia. Learn more about atrial fibrillation and other arrhythmias.

Congestive Heart Failure occurs when the heart canít pump enough blood to supply the bodyís needs. Cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes enlarged, thick, or rigid. This often leads to congestive heart failure. Learn more about congestive heart failure and cardiomyopathies.

High Cholesterol occurs when too much cholesterol (a waxy, fatty substance) builds up in your blood, putting you at greater risk for heart disease. Learn more about high cholesterol.

High Blood Pressure or Hypertension can lead to many other health problems, including more serious cardiovascular conditions. Learn more about high blood pressure or hypertension.

To make an appointment with a Womenís Heart NY physician, please call
(877) WOMEN-00/(877) 966-3600.

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